Today I’m delving into the history of James Stuart. To some he is James I to others, he is James VI. Both are correct. He was King James VI of Scotland and King James I of England.
James was the son of Mary of Scotland and her second husband Lord Darnley who was also her first cousin. He ascended the throne in 1567 at the age of thirteen months when Mary was forced to abdicate in his favor. He did not achieve full control of the government until sixteen years later in 1583.
In 1603 he succeeded Elizabeth I as king of England. He was a noted scholar and continued the era of literature and drama started under Elizabeth.
Perhaps his most well-known achievement was the King James Version of the Bible which he authorized.
James was known to prefer the company of men over that of women, although many scholars doubt the sexual nature of his relationships. They point to the fact that after his favorite, Lord Lennox, was forced to leave Scotland, James married Anne of Denmark with whom he produced seven children three of whom survived infancy.
He felt threatened by the power of witchcraft and personally supervised the torture of women thought to be witches.
It was during James’ reign that the colonization of American started.
James believed in the divine right of kings and held that there were Biblical reasons that kings were higher than normal men.
Suffering with arthritis and kidney stones, James died in 1625. He had ruled Scotland for nearly 58 years making him the longest reigning kind in Scottish history.
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